Oaxaca is located in southern Mexico and is a favorite vacation spot for food lovers, cultural enthusiasts, and history buffs. In the area, you will find mountains, jungles, caverns, and architectural gems. It is one of the thirty-one states which with the Federal District comprise the thirty-two federative entitles of Mexico. It is also the fifth largest state in the republic and is known for its cultures and indigenous people. It has one of the most rugged terrains in Mexico. It has mountain ranges that fall into the sea.
There are three principle climate ranges in Oaxaca, Mexico. The first is hot and semi-humid lands, accounting for approximately 30% of the state. The second is semi-hot and semi-humid regions, which accounts for approximately 18% of the state. The third is temperate and semi-humid, which accounts for approximately 16% of the state. All three climates experience a rainy season in the summer and in the fall.
Oaxaca is among the five highest-ranking areas in the world for endangered species. On Oaxaca, you can find 738 bird species, 8,400 registered plant species, and 1,431 terrestrial vertebrate, which is approximately 50% of all species in Mexico. The state is a great place for reptiles such as lizards, turtles, crocodiles, and snakes.
In the commerce sector of Oaxaca economy, tourism accounts for about 30%. In 2000, there were 612 hotels. Of that total only 13 were classified as five stars. Most of the tourist attractions are found in the Central Valley regions, in the city of Oaxaca, and along the coastline. This area is filled with Baroque churches and monasteries, pre-Hispanic ruins, and indigenous villages and markets that are devoted to various crafts. The second most important area for tourism is the coast from Puerto Escondido to Huatulco. There are sandy beaches on the Pacific Ocean and you can see dolphins, lagoons with water birds, and sea turtles.
Oaxaca is the leading producer of handicrafts in Mexico such as handicrafts made from wool, clay, wood, and leather. The best-known woodcraft is the making of “alebrije” figures. They are miniature, brightly colored real or imagined animals. In addition, they make masks, toys, and utensil woodcrafts. Pottery is also another handicraft that is found on Oaxaca.
In Oaxaca, you will find plenty of fish, shellfish, and tropical fruit. One unique Oaxaca dish is chapulines colorados, which is little grasshoppers served as appetizers. The main staples are corn and meat so you will find plenty of dishes made from these two ingredients. Another thing that you will find an abundance of is mole`. Oaxaca is known as the “Land of Seven Mole`.” Mole` is a sauce made of thirty-two ingredients, including spices, chocolate, and chilies. This is usually served over chicken. While in Oaxaca, you will find restaurant serving both traditional and updated versions of the Oaxacan regional cuisine.
While vacationing in Oaxaca, Mexico you can camp at rustic campsites, bed-and-breakfast, inclusive resorts, romantic inns, and budget friendly hotels. The rates start at $50 a night and up. When you check-in, make sure that you have a credit card and a photo ID.